Skateboarding is an extreme sport, the essence of which is the virtuoso performance of stunts on a special board – a skateboard. It was born long enough – back in the 30s of the last century. Invented by such amusement surf lovers, in the absence of waves on the coast, do not be bored without a favorite entertainment. Since the surfboard is quite large, it turned out that they first had a longboard. And then noticed that performing tricks is much more convenient on a shorter and more manageable board. Since then, people have started skating.
In recent years, skateboarding is gaining popularity among young people, turning from simple entertainment into a real subculture, with its music, style of dress, behavior and leisure activities. And, more recently, he was recognized as the official sport, created a set of rules and his International Association of Skateboarding Companies.
June 21 is the official holiday of fans of this sport – International Skateboarding Day. So, the tricks on the board proved themselves from the most serious side. And every year the number of admirers and enthusiasts of this kind of sport is growing steadily.
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Basic styles of skating
Different styles of skateboarding
Flatland (from English “flat land”) – the very first style, which involves skating and performing various tricks on a horizontal surface – asphalt, concrete slabs.
Street – as is clear from the name, it’s the style of street riding, in which all stairs, rails, ceilings, bumpers become the basis for stunts. In this style, most skaters are skating at the moment.
Freestyle – very popular in the 70-80 years style, in which the tricks were required to be performed exclusively on one plane.
Werth – style, born in 1976 thanks to the team of Z-Boys – because of the drought they began to skate and do tricks on the sketchboard in the dried up pools. This is the style of tricks on the ramp.
The park is a continuation of the vertical in the performance of tricks on the ramp, but now it is already in skate parks specially created for this purpose, where special ramps for performing spectacular and complex elements are built.
Whichever style you want to learn to own, this process for a beginner will be time-consuming and quite costly, since the correct skateboarding begins with the selection of quality and comfortable equipment: boards, comfortable shoes, spare parts for skateboarding.
Quality and comfortable equipment
The most important asset of a skater is his board, or in Russian board. For beginners, a good choice is to purchase the so-called American kit, which includes the following components:
Tracks (suspension) and shock absorbers
keys, bolts for fastening
Without questions, all these components must be selected only in specialized stores and after consulting with the seller, who will be able to choose the right combination of details for a particular skateboarder. But there are general rules in the choice, and they should be known in advance.
The board is the most important component of the skateboard. But the most short-lived – as you build up your skills in skating, you will have to change it often enough.
The board is usually made of several layers of wood of Chinese or Canadian maple, glued together. The quality of the glue depends on whether the deck will separate. In some models designed for a straight, one more plastic layer (slick) is glued along the bottom of the board, which provides a good glide along the rails.
How to choose a board to avoid getting on a defective or parched copy? The easiest way is to communicate on the forum of skaters and ask someone experienced to help with the choice. But in the event that such an option is unrealistic, you will have to act yourself.
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How to choose a skateboard yourself
If you decide to choose a skateboard for yourself or for a child, what you need to pay attention to:
Width of the deck. It can range from 4.7 to 10.625 inches. For beginners, the optimal choice will be an eight-inch board, and already in the process of studying it will be possible to easily understand whether it is suitable, or whether the board is wider or narrower. A wider deck gives stability and better grip on the legs. Narrow – more maneuverability. From the length of the board practically does not depend on the complexity of skiing, and therefore you can choose any. The standard is 31 inches (78.7 centimeters). For very young skateboarders produce reduced models – mini skateboard. Also generally does not affect newcomers to the difficulty and bend of the board (concave) – its convenience is determined only by experience.
When choosing to carefully inspect the board for cross-section cracks – this is a sign of marriage. But the longitudinal cracks in the area of bolts are not so terrible – they appear, almost, on all the boards in the first week of skiing. The most famous brands of boards are Mystery, Jart, Toy Machine, Almost – if there is no experience in choosing boards, it’s better to be guided by them.
The next part of the board is the suspension. They are chosen depending on the width of the deck, they are fastened with wheels and bearings. The stiffness of the suspension is adjustable for different riding styles. The material is aluminum. Sometimes there is a suspension of steel, it is more durable, but also heavier.
Wheels for skateboard there are a variety of types. For beginners, you should choose ordinary, hard wheels of medium size. Their size ranges from 50 to 180 millimeters. Optimum will be standard 54-millimeter wheels. It should be remembered that they will have to be changed frequently – the wheels are quickly erased when riding.
An important part of the kit is bearings. They do not need to be saved, because the quality of the skateboard depends on their quality, as well as the safety of the skateboarder himself. Therefore, it is better to avoid buying Chinese consumer goods, but to look for bearings of such brands as Fkd, Lucky or Cliche. In addition, the bearings differ by the ABEC (Annular Bearing Engineering Council) number: 1 and 3 are low-grade bearings for beginners, 5, 7 and 9 for professionals.
Skin or fluff is a film that ensures the grip of the board with shoes. It can already be chosen on the basis of taste preferences – with or without a drawing, no one has started to skate better than its color.
It is also important to choose the right shoes for riding. These can be sneakers or sneakers – depending on personal preferences. But in any case it’s better to choose those brands that are specially designed for skateboarding and are sold in specialized stores. And, of course, they must be comfortable and of the right size.
All these components form a single set, which, if properly selected, will greatly facilitate the comprehension of skateboarding skills.
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We’ll figure out how to learn to skateboard a beginner
Learn skateboarding better with special protection In beautiful videos, it may seem that skateboarders easily perform complex tricks. Nevertheless, one must understand that performing complex tricks on a skateboard is given at the cost of long and patient training, as well as bruises and abrasions. Therefore, the first advice – buy protection. You will need a helmet to protect your head, knee pads, protection of elbows and palms. Correctly selected protective kit will not cause great inconvenience. With broken knees and palms it will be much more inconvenient!
After choosing ammunition, you should get used to the skateboard. To do this, you need to put it on a flat surface and learn to balance on it, stand, choose a comfortable position of the body, try to move your legs and rearrange them.
Then you need to understand which leg will be in front – left or right. This does not necessarily depend on whether the left-hand man or the right-hander. To do this, you can try ponabivat any ball with a foot – the one to do it more conveniently with a greater chance will be behind and become a supporting one. Another way to test this is to push a person. That leg, which he will put forward at the jerk, and will be the base on the skateboard.
After the correct statement on the skate, you can slowly begin to master the movement and stops. This long process will surely be accompanied by falls, but with the right board and the right foot, the progress in skating will be noticeable quickly enough. So, you should not be shy, do not be afraid to fall, and bravely ride first on a flat surface, then slowly learn to turn and overcome barriers. All this is better done on skate grounds, and it’s best not alone – in the company and under the music training will be more enjoyable and more fun.